Stringfellow, John

Stringfellow, John
b. 6 December 1799 Sheffield, England
d. 13 December 1883 Chard, England
English inventor and builder of a series of experimental model aeroplanes.
After serving an apprenticeship in the lace industry, Stringfellow left Nottingham in about 1820 and moved to Chard in Somerset, where he set up his own business. He had wide interests such as photography, politics, and the use of electricity for medical treatment. Stringfellow met William Samuel Henson, who also lived in Chard and was involved in lacemaking, and became interested in his "aerial steam carriage" of 1842–3. When support for this project foundered, Henson and Stringfellow drew up an agreement "Whereas it is intended to construct a model of an Aerial Machine". They built a large model with a wing span of 20 ft (6 m) and powered by a steam engine, which was probably the work of Stringfellow. The model was tested on a hillside near Chard, often at night to avoid publicity, but despite many attempts it never made a successful flight. At this point Henson emigrated to the United States. From 1848 Stringfellow continued to experiment with models of his own design, starting with one with a wing span of 10 ft (3m). He decided to test it in a disused lace factory, rather than in the open air. Stringfellow fitted a horizontal wire which supported the model as it gained speed prior to free flight. Unfortunately, neither this nor later models made a sustained flight, despite Stringfellow's efficient lightweight steam engine. For many years Stringfellow abandoned his aeronautical experiments, then in 1866 when the (Royal) Aeronautical Society was founded, his interest was revived. He built a steam-powered triplane, which was demonstrated "flying" along a wire at the world's first Aeronautical Exhibition, held at Crystal Palace, London, in 1868. Stringfellow also received a cash prize for one of his engines, which was the lightest practical power unit at the Exhibition. Although Stringfellow's models never achieved a really successful flight, his designs showed the way for others to follow. Several of his models are preserved in the Science Museum in London.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Member of the (Royal) Aeronautical Society 1868.
Many of Stringfellow's letters and papers are held by the Royal Aeronautical Society, London.
Further Reading
Harald Penrose, 1988, An Ancient Air: A Biography of John Stringfellow, Shrewsbury. A.M.Balantyne and J.Laurence Pritchard, 1956, "The lives and work of William Samuel Henson and John Stringfellow", Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society (June) (an attempt to analyse conflicting evidence).
M.J.B.Davy, 1931, Henson and Stringfellow, London (an earlier work with excellent drawings from Henson's patent).
"The aeronautical work of John Stringfellow, with some account of W.S.Henson", Aeronau-tical Classics No. 5 (written by John Stringfellow's son and held by the Royal Aeronautical Society in London).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Stringfellow — (* 1799 in Sheffield; † 13. Dezember 1883 in London) war ein englischer Erfinder und Flugpionier des 19. Jahrhunderts. Stringfellow wurde bekannt durch seine Arbeit an einem dampfgetriebenen Flugmodell und gilt somit als einer der ersten Pioniere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Stringfellow — (1799 1883) was born in Sheffield, England and is known for his work on the Aerial Steam Carriage with William Samuel Henson. Stringfellow worked in Chard, Somerset, England as a maker of bobbins and carriages for the lace industry. Together with …   Wikipedia

  • Stringfellow Hawke — (portrayed by American actor Jan Michael Vincent) is a fictional character on the American action adventure television series Airwolf (1984 1987). During the series first three seasons, Hawke is its central character. A freelance agent of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Stringfellow — ist der Name folgender Personen: Benjamin Franklin Stringfellow (1816–1891), US amerikanischer Politiker und Jurist Douglas R. Stringfellow (1922–1966), US amerikanischer Politiker John Stringfellow (1799–1883), englischer Konstrukteur und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Pendlebury — John Devitt Stringfellow Pendlebury. John Devitt Stringfellow Pendlebury (12 de octubre de 1904 † 22 de mayo de 1941) fue un arqueólogo británico que luchó contra la invasión nazi en la segunda guerra mundial y murió durante la batalla de Creta,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stringfellow Barr — (b. January 15 1897, Suffolk, Virginia February 3 1982, Alexandria, Virginia) was a historian, author, and former president of St. John s College in Annapolis, Maryland, where he, together with Scott Buchanan, instituted the Great Books… …   Wikipedia

  • John Brown (abolitionist) — John Brown Daguerreotype of Brown, ca.1856. Born May 9, 1800(1800 05 09) Torrington, Connecticut Died …   Wikipedia

  • John F. Kinney — John F. Kinney. John Fitch Kinney (* 2. April 1816 in New Haven, Oswego County, New York; † 16. August 1902 in Salt Lake City, Utah) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1863 und 1865 vertrat er das Utah Territoriu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Thomas Caine — (* 8. Januar 1829 auf der Isle of Man, England; † 20. September 1911 in Salt Lake City, Utah) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1882 und 1893 vertrat er das Utah Territor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Pendlebury — John Devitt Stringfellow Pendlebury (12 October 1904 ndash; 22 May 1941) was a British archaeologist who worked for British intelligence during World War II. He died during the Battle of Crete. Early lifeJohn Pendlebury was born in London, the… …   Wikipedia

  • John Milton Bernhisel — (* 23. Juli 1799 bei Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; † 28. September 1881 in Salt Lake City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1851 und 1863 vertrat er zwei Mal als Delegierter das Utah Territorium im US Repräsentantenhaus.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”